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0LAUNCH

NAME

0launch − download and run programs by URL

SYNOPSIS

0launch [OPTION]... INTERFACE [ARG]...

0launch --list [SEARCH-TERM]

0launch --import [INTERFACE-FILES]

DESCRIPTION

0launch runs a program, identified by an ‘INTERFACE’. If the program is not already on your computer, it downloads information about which versions are available, and lets you choose one to download. It will also (automatically) do the same for libraries the program needs.

0launch will also check for updates if it has been a long time since the last check (configurable). 0launch therefore allows users to download and upgrade software without needing root access.

An INTERFACE can be either a URL in the form ‘http://site/program’ or a local path name like ‘/path/to/program.xml’. For HTTP URLs, the remote file is a GPG-signed XML document. Local interface files are not signed.

EXAMPLES

When a program is available using 0launch, it will have an associated URL. To run the program, simply invoke 0launch with this as an argument:

0launch http://rox.sourceforge.net/2005/interfaces/Edit

The first time you do this, details about the program are downloaded and cached, and you will be prompted to confirm the versions to use. In future, the program will run directly from the cache without confirmation.

To check for new versions:

0launch --refresh http://rox.sourceforge.net/2005/interfaces/Edit

To search the list of cached URLs:

0launch --list Edit

To avoid having to keep typing the full URI, use the 0alias(1) command to create shortcuts to run your programs.

COMMAND-LINE OPTIONS

--before=VERSION

Choosen implementation’s version number must be earlier than VERSION. i.e., force the use of an old version the program.

-c, --console

Never use the GUI. Normally, 0launch switches to graphical mode if it needs to download anything from the network (unless DISPLAY is not set).

-d, --download-only

Download any needed files, but stop before actually running the program.

-D, --dry-run

Just print what actions would be taken.

-f, --feed

Register (or unregister) an additional source of implementations. When you get a CVS version of a project, it may contain an interface XML file. To add this version to the list of available versions, use --feed on this XML file. The file is not copied, so you don’t need to re-add the file each time it is updated.

Note that if you just want to run the program, you can invoke 0launch on the interface file directly (without using --feed). This will force the injector to use that version, but won’t affect what happens when you run it using the URI as normal. Use --feed when you want to use the CVS version even when using the URI, or if the program is a library (and thus referenced by URI by other programs).

Note also that the stability of CVS versions may be set to ’developer’, in which case you must set this as the preferred stability for the interface (using the GUI).

--get-selections

Instead of running the program, just print the set of chosen implementations as an XML document to stdout. This can be used later with --set-selections.

-g, --gui

Show the graphical policy editor. This allows you to select which version of a program or library to use.

-h, --help

Show the built-in help text.

-i, --import

Import from files, not from the network. This is useful when testing an interface file, to avoid uploading it to a remote server in order to download it again. It might also be useful when installing from a CD or similar. The file must have a trusted GPG digital signature, as when fetching from the network. For unsigned interfaces, see --feed.

-l, --list

List all known interface (program) URIs. If a search term is given, only URIs containing that string are shown (case insensitive).

-m, --main=MAIN

Run the specified executable instead of the default. If MAIN starts with ’/’ then the path is relative to the implementation’s top-level directory, whereas otherwise it is relative to the directory containing the default MAIN program. For example, if the default MAIN is bin/svn then using --main=svnadmin will run .../bin/svnadmin instead.

--not-before=VERSION

Choosen implementation’s version number must not be earlier than VERSION. E.g., if you want to run version 2.0 or later, use --not-before=2.0.

-o, --offline

Run in off-line mode, overriding the default setting. In off-line mode, no interfaces are refreshed even if they are out-of-date, and newer versions of programs won’t be downloaded even if the injector already knows about them (e.g. from a previous refresh).

-r, --refresh

Fetch a fresh copy of all used interfaces. This will normally switch to GUI mode, unless --console is also given. Note that using --refresh and --gui together will check for updates to the GUI itself.

--set-selections=FILE

Instead of choosing suitable implementations using the policy, run exactly the versions given in FILE. A suitable file can be created using the --get-selections option described above.

-s, --source

The implementation of the main (root) interface must have an architecture of the form ’*-src’ (normally a literal "*", but could be a compatible OS). Dependencies are normal implementations, not source ones.

-v, --verbose

More verbose output. Use twice for even more verbose output.

-V, --version

Display version information.

-w, --wrapper=COMMAND

Instead of executing the chosen program directly, run COMMAND PROGRAM ARGS. This is useful for running debuggers and tracing tools on the program (rather than on 0launch!). Note that the wrapper is executed in the environment selected by the program; hence, this mechanism cannot be used for sandboxing. See the DEBUGGING section below.

DEBUGGING TIPS

To debug 0launch itself, use the --verbose and --console options. For example:

$ 0launch -vvc http://myprog

To trace or debug programs run by 0launch, use the --wrapper option. For example, to run myprog --help, displaying all calls to open(2):

$ 0launch --wrapper="strace -e open" http://myprog --help

If your program is interpreted (e.g. a Python program), and you wish to debug the interpreter running it, you can do it like this:

$ 0launch --wrapper="gdb --args python" http://myprog --help

FILES

Configuration files (see freedesktop.org basedir spec):
~/.config/0install.net/injector/global

Global configuration settings.

~/.config/0install.net/injector/trust

List of trusted keys.

~/.config/0install.net/injector/user_overrides

Per-interface settings, and extra feeds.

Cached data (can be re-downloaded if lost):
~/.cache/0install.net/interfaces

Downloaded cached interface files.

~/.cache/0install.net/implementations

Downloaded cached implementations, indexed by manifest digest.

See the 0store(1) man page for more information.

LICENSE

Copyright (C) 2007 Thomas Leonard.

You may redistribute copies of this program under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License.

BUGS

Please report bugs to the developer mailing list:

http://0install.net/support.html

AUTHOR

The Zero Install Injector was created by Thomas Leonard.

SEE ALSO

0alias(1), 0store(1)

The Zero Install web-site:

http://0install.net

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