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adt−run − test an installed binary package using the package’s tests


adt−run options... −−− virt−server [virt−server−arg...]


adt−run is the program for invoking the autopkgtest package testing machinery.

autopkgtest is a facility for testing binary packages, as installed on a system (such as a testbed system). The tests are those supplied in the source package.

adt−run runs each test supplied by a particular package and reports the results. It drives the specified virtualisation regime as appropriate, and parses the test description metadata, and arranges for data to be copied to and from the testbed as required.

adt−run should be invoked (unless options to the contrary are supplied) in the top level directory of the built source tree, on the host. The package should be installed on the testbed.


--built-tree directory

Specifies that tests from the built source tree directory should be run. Note that the packages that would normally be installed as a result of * in the tests’ Depends field (which includes the case where the Depends field is not specified) are not installed. The caller must explicitly instruct adt-run to install any relevant packages.

--source dsc

Builds dsc. The resulting binaries will (by default) be used to satisfy dependencies. The tests from that built tree will also be run (by default). The ordering is significant: each --source option should precede options whose dependencies are to be satisfied by the binaries it produces.

--unbuilt-tree directory

Specifies that tests from the unbuilt source tree directory should be run. This is very similar to specifing --source except that a directory tree (which should be pristine) is supplied, instead of a source package.

--binary deb

Specifies that deb should be used. By default it will be used to satisfy dependencies, both during building and testing, but not necessarily installed. The ordering is significant, as for --source.


Bare filename arguments are processed as if --built-tree, --source, --unbuilt-tree or --binary was specified; the nature of the argument is guessed from the form of the filename. In the case of --built-tree, either the option must be specified, or the filename must end in a slash; two slashes at the end are taken to mean --unbuilt-tree.


These affect modify processing instructions. Unless stated otherwise, they affect all subsequent options.

Specifies that subsequent pathnames in command-line arguments refer to files on the testbed, or on the host, respectively. The default is --paths-host.


Specifies that the tests in subsequent --source and --unbuilt-tree arguments should (or should not) be run.


Specifies that only binaries whose package names match one of the specified patterns should be used; others will be ignored. This option applies to subsequent --source and --unbuilt-tree arguments.


Specifies that all built binaries should be ignored completely; equivalent to --built-binaries-filter=_ (since no package name ever contains _).

--binaries=ignore | --binaries=auto | --binaries=install

Specifies that binary package (in subsequently specified --binary arguments, or resulting from subsequently specified --source or --unbuilt-tree arguments and not filtered out) should be ignored, used only to satisfy dependencies, or installed unconditionally, respectively. Equivalent to specifying both --binaries-forbuilds and --binaries-fortests.


Like --binaries= but only changes the handling during package building: packages will be ignored, used for dependencies, or unconditionally installed, when a source package is built.


Like --binaries= but only changes the handling during testing: packages will be ignored, used for dependencies (including as the package under test), or unconditionally installed, when tests are run (as a result of --source, --built-tree or --unbuilt-tree).


--output-dir output-dir

Specifies that stderr and stdout from the tests should be placed in output-dir. These files are named argid-test-stderr and argid-test-stdout for each test test, and log for the log transcript. If no output-dir is specified, or the path is specified to be on the testbed (ie, if --output-dir follows --paths-testbed), then the log file is instead written to the temporary directory tmpdir if one was specified, or otherwise no separate copy is made. Note that the log transcript output will also be sent to adt-run’s stderr unless --quiet is specified.


Run builds and tests as user on the testbed. This needs root on the testbed; if root on the testbed is not available then builds and tests run as whatever user is provided.


Prefixes debian/rules binary with gain-root.Thedefaultisnottouseanything,exceptthatif --user is supplied or root on the testbed is not available the default is fakeroot.


Specifies that tmpdir should be used instead of a fresh temporary directory on the host. tmpdir will be created if necessary, and emptied of all of its contents before adt-run starts, and it will not be cleaned out afterwards. tmpdir is not affected by --paths-testbed. NOTE again that all of the contents of tmpdir will be deleted.


Specifies that the trace log should be written to logfile instead of to log in output-dir or tmpdir. log-file is not affected by --paths-testbed.


Specifies that a summary of the outcome should be written to summary. The events in the summary are written to the log in any case. summary is not affected by --paths-testbed.


Use a different timeout for operations on or with the testbed. There are four timeouts affected by four values of which: short: supposedly short operations like setting up the testbed’s apt and checking the state (default: 100s); install: installation of packages including dependencies (default: 3ks); test: test runs (default: 10ks); and build: builds (default: 100ks). The value must be specified as an integer number of seconds.


Multiply all of the default timeouts by the specified factor (see --timeout-which above). Only the defaults are affected; explicit timeout settings are used exactly as specified.


Include additional debugging information in the trace log. Each additional -d increases the debugging level; the current maximum is -ddd. If you like to see what’s going on, -d or -dd is recommended.


Uses dir as the GNUPGHOME for local apt archive signing. The specified directory should not contain keyrings containing other unrelated keys, since adt-run does not specify to gpg which keys to use. The default is $HOME/.autopkgtest. --paths-testbed has no effect on this option.


Use a fresh temporary directory and generate fresh keys each run. This can be very slow and depends on the availability of sufficient quantities of high-quality entropy.

-q | --quiet

Do not send a copy of adt-run’s trace logstream to stderr. This option does not affect the copy sent to logfile, output-dir or tmpdir. Note that without the trace logstream it can be very hard to diagnose problems.

--- virt-server virt-server-arg...

Specifies the virtualisation regime server, as a command and arguments to invoke. All the remaining arguments and options after --- are passed to the virtualisation server program.


When running commands on the testbed, sets the LANG environment variable to langval. The default in adt-run is to set it to C.


Suppresses the setting by adt-run of LANG on the testbed. This results in tests and builds using the testbed’s own normal LANG value setting.


During a normal test run, one line is printed for each test. This consists of a short string identifying the test, some horizontal whitespace, and either PASS or FAIL reason or SKIP reason where the pass/fail indication is separated by any reason by some horizontal whitespace.

The string to identify the test consists of a short alphanumeric string invented by adt-run to distinguish different command-line arguments, the argid, followed by a hyphen and the test name.

Sometimes a SKIP will be reported when the name of the test is not known or not applicable: for example, when there are no tests in the package, or a there is a test stanza which contains features not understood by this version of adt-run. In this case * will appear where the name of the test should be.

If adt-run detects that erroneous package(s) are involved, it will print the two lines blame: blamed-thing... and badpkg: message. Here each whitespace-separated blamed-thing is one of arg:argument (representing a pathname found in a command line argument), dsc:package (a source package name), deb:package (a binary package name) or possibly other strings to be determined. This indicates which arguments and/or packages might have contributed to the problem; the ones which were processed most recently and which are therefore most likely to be the cause of a problem are listed last.



all tests passed


unexpected failure (the python interpreter invents this exit status)


at least one test skipped


at least one test failed


at least one test failed and at least one test skipped


no tests in this package


erroneous package


testbed failure


other unexpected failures including bad usage


adt-virt-chroot(1), adt-virt-xenlvm(1)


This tool still lacks some important features and is not very well-tested.


This manpage is part of autopkgtest, a tool for testing Debian binary packages. autopkgtest is Copyright (C) 2006-2007 Canonical Ltd and others.

See /usr/share/doc/autopkgtest/CREDITS for the list of contributors and full copying conditions.