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Perl::Critic::Policy::ControlStructures::ProhibitMutatingListFunctions

NAME

Perl::Critic::Policy::ControlStructures::ProhibitMutatingListFunctions − Don’t modify "$_" in list functions.

AFFILIATION

This Policy is part of the core Perl::Critic distribution.

DESCRIPTION

"map", "grep" and other list operators are intended to transform arrays into other arrays by applying code to the array elements one by one. For speed, the elements are referenced via a $_ alias rather than copying them. As a consequence, if the code block of the "map" or "grep" modify $_ in any way, then it is actually modifying the source array. This IS technically allowed, but those side effects can be quite surprising, especially when the array being passed is @_ or perhaps "values(%ENV)"! Instead authors should restrict in-place array modification to "for(@array) { ... }" constructs instead, or use "List::MoreUtils::apply()".

CONFIGURATION

By default, this policy applies to the following list functions:

    map grep
    List::Util qw(first)
    List::MoreUtils qw(any all none notall true false firstidx
                       first_index lastidx last_index insert_after
                       insert_after_string)

This list can be overridden the .perlcriticrc file like this:

    [ControlStructures::ProhibitMutatingListFunctions]
    list_funcs = map grep List::Util::first

Or, one can just append to the list like so:

    [ControlStructures::ProhibitMutatingListFunctions]
    add_list_funcs = Foo::Bar::listmunge

LIMITATIONS

This policy deliberately does not apply to "for (@array) { ... }" or "List::MoreUtils::apply()".

Currently, the policy only detects explicit external module usage like this:

    my @out = List::MoreUtils::any {s/^foo//} @in;

and not like this:

    use List::MoreUtils qw(any);
    my @out = any {s/^foo//} @in;

This policy looks only for modifications of $_. Other naughtiness could include modifying $a and $b in "sort" and the like. That’s beyond the scope of this policy.

SEE ALSO

There is discussion of this policy at <http://perlmonks.org/index.pl?node_id=743445>.

AUTHOR

Chris Dolan <cdolan AT cpan DOT org>

Michael Wolf <MichaelRWolf AT att DOT net>

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2006−2011 Chris Dolan.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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