# FLOOR

## NAME

floor, floorf, floorl − largest integral value not greater than argument

## SYNOPSIS

**#include <math.h>**

**double floor(double** *x***);**

float floorf(float *x***);**

long double floorl(long double *x***);**

Link with *−lm*.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see **feature_test_macros(7)**):

**floorf**(), **floorl**():

_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L

|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE

|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

## DESCRIPTION

These functions return the largest integral value that is not greater than *x*.

For example, *floor(0.5)* is 0.0, and *floor(−0.5)* is −1.0.

## RETURN VALUE

These functions return the floor of *x*.

If *x* is integral, +0, −0, NaN, or an infinity, *x* itself is returned.

## ERRORS

No errors occur. POSIX.1-2001 documents a range error for overflows, but see NOTES.

## ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see **attributes(7)**.

## CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

The variant returning *double* also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.

## NOTES

SUSv2 and POSIX.1-2001 contain text about overflow (which might set *errno* to **ERANGE**, or raise an **FE_OVERFLOW** exception). In practice, the result cannot overflow on any current machine, so this error-handling stuff is just nonsense. (More precisely, overflow can happen only when the maximum value of the exponent is smaller than the number of mantissa bits. For the IEEE-754 standard 32-bit and 64-bit floating-point numbers the maximum value of the exponent is 128 (respectively, 1024), and the number of mantissa bits is 24 (respectively, 53).)

## SEE ALSO

**ceil(3)**, **lrint(3)**, **nearbyint(3)**, **rint(3)**, **round(3)**, **trunc(3)**

## COLOPHON

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