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File::Find::Object::Rule::Procedural - File::Find::Object::Rule’s procedural interface


version 0.0313


use File::Find::Object::Rule;
# find all .pm files, procedurally
my @files = find(file => name => '*.pm', in => \@INC);


In addition to the regular object-oriented interface, File::Find::Object::Rule provides two subroutines for you to use.
"find( @clauses )"
"rule( @clauses )"

"find" and "rule" can be used to invoke any methods available to the OO version. "rule" is a synonym for "find"

Passing more than one value to a clause is done with an anonymous array:

my $finder = find( name => [ '*.mp3', '*.ogg' ] );

"find" and "rule" both return a File::Find::Object::Rule instance, unless one of the arguments is "in", in which case it returns a list of things that match the rule.

my @files = find( name => [ '*.mp3', '*.ogg' ], in => $ENV{HOME} );

Please note that "in" will be the last clause evaluated, and so this code will search for mp3s regardless of size.

my @files = find( name => '*.mp3', in => $ENV{HOME}, size => '<2k' );
Clause processing stopped here ------/

It is also possible to invert a single rule by prefixing it with "!" like so:

# large files that aren't videos
my @files = find( file =>
'!name' => [ '*.avi', '*.mov' ],
size => '>20M',
in => $ENV{HOME} );


Richard Clamp <richardc AT unixbeard DOT net>


Copyright (C) 2003 Richard Clamp. All Rights Reserved.

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.




The following websites have more information about this module, and may be of help to you. As always, in addition to those websites please use your favorite search engine to discover more resources.


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RT: CPAN ’s Bug Tracker

The RT ( Request Tracker ) website is the default bug/issue tracking system for CPAN.



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CPAN Testers Matrix

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CPAN Testers Dependencies

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Bugs / Feature Requests
Please report any bugs or feature requests by email to "bug-file-find-object-rule at", or through the web interface at <>. You will be automatically notified of any progress on the request by the system.

Source Code
The code is open to the world, and available for you to hack on. Please feel free to browse it and play with it, or whatever. If you want to contribute patches, please send me a diff or prod me to pull from your repository :)


git clone git://


Richard Clamp <richardc AT unixbeard DOT net>

Andy Lester andy AT petdance DOT com.


Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website <>

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.


This software is copyright (c) 2021 by Richard Clamp.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.